Nontraditional Career Preparation
Nontraditional Career Preparation: Root Causes & Strategies is a literature review organized into research theories, evidence, recommendations and strategies, and effective practice and resources based upon root causes. It is designed to be used by CTE professionals at secondary and postsecondary institutions.
The information is most effectively utilized when embedded in a program improvement process that involves self-study.
Access to and Participation in Math, Science and Technology
Career Information:Root Causes
Materials and Practices, including Assessment, Interest Inventories, and Marketing and Recruitment
Characteristics of an Occupation: Job Satisfaction/Career-Family Balance/Occupational Perception/Wage Potential
Self-Efficacy, Attribution, and Stereotype Threat
Societal Issues:Root Causes
Media (negative), Media (positive), Peers, Role Models/Mentoring, Collaboration
NSF INCLUDES Coordination Hub Research Releases New Report on Broadening Participation in STEM
Their research focuses on seven key areas:
- culturally responsive pedagogical practices,
- family support,
- hands-on learning,
- summer bridge programs,
- research experiences,
- counterspaces/safe spaces, and
While each focus area outlines clear strategies for implementation, the authors make a strong argument for building and maintaining important partnerships, utilizing a multicomponent approach, and designing for the local needs of one’s community.
NAPE members can access this and other resources to support their efforts in broadening participation in STEM by joining the INCLUDES National Network and and by visiting the NAPE IMSTEM Project webpage.
NSF INCLUDES Coordination Hub (2020). Broadening Participation in STEM: Evidence-based Strategies for Improving Equity and Inclusion of Individuals in Underrepresented Racial and Ethnic Groups (Research Brief No. 1). Available at https://www.includesnetwork.org/viewdocument/coordination-hub-research-brief-im?CommunityKey=5e902dcd-362e-47be-a076-16bc71e2f038&tab=librarydocuments