Nontraditional Career Preparation

Nontraditional Career Preparation: Root Causes & Strategies is a literature review organized into research theories, evidence, recommendations and strategies, and effective practice and resources based upon root causes. It is designed to be used by CTE professionals at secondary and postsecondary institutions.

The information is most effectively utilized when embedded in a program improvement process that involves self-study.

The information is available in

  1. Print form (PDF, with references). You will be asked to complete a brief survey about your intended use of document. The PDF will download after the survey is submitted. Thank you for your assistance!
  2. Chart form (condensed), and
  3. Web form.

Other Resources

NSF INCLUDES Coordination Hub Research Releases New Report on Broadening Participation in STEM

NAPE is proud to be a part of the NSF INCLUDES National Network through our Design, Development, and Launch Pilot Project, Intermountain STEM (IMSTEM). Recently, the NSF INCLUDES Coordination Hub released research that outlines evidence-based strategies to attract and retain historically underrepresented racial and ethnic groups in STEM education


Their research focuses on seven key areas: 

  1. culturally responsive pedagogical practices,
  2. family support,
  3. hands-on learning,
  4. summer bridge programs,
  5. research experiences,
  6. counterspaces/safe spaces, and
  7. mentoring.

While each focus area outlines clear strategies for implementation, the authors make a strong argument for building and maintaining important partnerships, utilizing a multicomponent approach, and designing for the local needs of one’s community.

NAPE members can access this and other resources to support their efforts in broadening participation in STEM by joining the INCLUDES National Network and and by visiting the NAPE IMSTEM Project webpage.

NSF INCLUDES Coordination Hub (2020). Broadening Participation in STEM: Evidence-based Strategies for Improving Equity and Inclusion of Individuals in Underrepresented Racial and Ethnic Groups (Research Brief No. 1). Available at